Burnside High School Burnside High School

NCEA Level 2 Accounting

Course Description Recommended Prior Learning

10 credits in Level 1 Accounting. Students with less than 10 credits will be considered if they have AS 1.3.

Accounting at Level 2 looks in detail at two subsystems within a trading business, including recording, documentation, internal controls and processing through ledger accounts. Commercial software is used and students will also prepare and analyse final accounts in terms of profitability, financial stability and management effectiveness. Anyone aspiring to a position of responsibility in any field will benefit from an understanding of accounting subsystems for budgeting, accountability and control as well as understanding final accounting reports as investors, employees or other interested parties.

Accounting concepts for a sole proprietor

A study of users and their uses of accounting reports, and the qualitative characteristics, notions and assumptions underpinning those reports

Accounting Processing

Using commercial accounting software, the setting up and operation of a computerised accounting system

Accounting for subsystems of a trading firm

An in-depth accounting study of Inventory and Accounts Receivable

Note: this covers two Achievement Standards. Students are only required to complete one, but may chose to do both.

Preparing financial reports

Completing balance day adjustments and preparing an Income Statement, Balance Sheet, and Cashflow Statement.

Interpreting accounting information

Calculating analysis measures, describing trends, identifying links and making recommendations

Course Overview

Term 1
Inventory Subsystem – overview
Valuation methods, Stock cards, ledgers
Internal controls
Accounts Receivable Subsystem - overview
Processing, subsidiary ledgers
Aged Debtors report
Working capital cycle

Term 2
Computer accounting – setting up
Importing files
Processing frequent transactions
Processing infrequent transactions
Processing complex transactions
In-class assessment - Xero Accounting software
Financial Reports - adjustments
Closing entries and Depreciation

Term 3
Income Statement and Balance Sheet
Notes – Property, Plant and Equipment
Statement of Cash Flows
Accounting Concepts – uses and limitations
Concepts and assumptions / Qualitative characteristics
Elements and recognition criteria
Applying concepts

Term 4
Interpretation of Reports – analysis measures, ratios and trends
Profitability, effectiveness measures, liquidity, financial stability
Identifying links / Making recommendations

Learning Areas:

Social Science


NCEA Level 3 Accounting

For students not progressing beyond Level 2, this course provides a good background for any career, since understanding accounting systems and controls will be part of any management position. Students who go on to become accounting technicians or chartered accountants will find opportunities in business, government departments, banking as well as in accountancy firms. There are many branches of accounting to specialise in later, such as financial accounting, management accounting, cost accounting, tax accounting, project accounting, forensic accounting, international accounting, government accounting.

Contributions and Equipment/Stationery

Journal and Ledger refill, device